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Setup mail server on centos 7

This article helps you to install and configure basic mail server on Centos 7. Here i have used Postfix for SMTP, Dovecot for POP/IMAP and Dovecot SASL for SMTP AUTH.
Before proceeding please make sure you have assigned static IP for the server and have internet connectivity for installing packages.

Setup mail server on centos 7

1. Installing packages
2. Postfix configuration
3. Dovecot configuration
4. User creation

Installing packages

Step 1 » Assign hostname for the server using the below command.
[root@krizna ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname mail.krizna.com
Step 2 » Make a host entry with your IP in /etc/hosts file.
172.27.0.51 mail.krizna.com
Step 3 » Now start installing packages.
[root@krizna ~]# yum -y install postfix dovecot
After package installation continue with postfix configuration.

Postfix configuration

First create SSL certificate for encryption.
Step 4 » Follow the below steps one by one for creation.
[root@mail ~]# mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
[root@mail ~]# cd /etc/postfix/ssl
[root@krizna ssl]# openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 2048
[root@krizna ssl]# openssl rsa -in server.key -out server.key.insecure
[root@krizna ssl]# mv server.key server.key.secure
[root@krizna ssl]# mv server.key.insecure server.key
Leave blank for A challenge password [] value in the below step.
[root@krizna ssl]# openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
[root@krizna ssl]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt

Step 5 » Now open /etc/postfix/main.cf file for changes.
Find and uncomment the below lines.
#inet_interfaces = localhost #---> line no 116
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost #--> line no 164

and add below lines at the end of the file. change myhostname and mydomain values with yours and home_mailbox value to your desired directory. Here it will store mails in the users home directory (Eg: /home/john/mail ).

Step 6 » Open /etc/postfix/master.cf file, add the below lines after “smtp inet n – n – – smtpd” line.

Now check the configuration using postfix check command.
Step 7 » Now configure Dovecot SASL for SMTP Auth. Open /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf file, find “# Postfix smtp-auth” line ( line no:95 ) and add the below lines.
# Postfix smtp-auth
unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
mode = 0660
user = postfix
group = postfix
}

Step 8 » Open /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf file, find “auth_mechanisms = plain” ( Line no: 100 ) and add login to the value like below.
auth_mechanisms = plain login
Step 9 » Postfix configuration is over. Now restart both postfix and dovecot services and enable auto start.
[root@mail ~]# systemctl restart postfix
[root@mail ~]# systemctl enable postfix
[root@mail ~]# systemctl restart dovecot
[root@mail ~]# systemctl enable dovecot

Step 10 » Add the firewall rules to allow 25, 587 and 465 ports.
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=smtp
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=587/tcp
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=465/tcp
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
Now start testing connectivity for each ports 25,587 and 465 using telnet and make sure you are getting AUTH PLAIN LOGIN line after issuing ehlo mail.krizna.com command in telnet.
[root@mail ~]# telnet mail.krizna.com 465
Trying 172.27.0.51...
Connected to mail.krizna.com.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 mail.krizna.com ESMTP Postfix
ehlo mail.krizna.com <------- Type this command 250-mail.krizna.com 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 10240000 250-VRFY 250-ETRN 250-STARTTLS 250-AUTH PLAIN LOGIN 250-AUTH=PLAIN LOGIN 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES 250-8BITMIME 250 DSN

Dovecot configuration

Start configuring Dovecot .
Step 11 » Open /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf file, find #mail_location = (line no : 30 ) and add the same directory which is given to home_mailbox in the postfix config file ( Step 5).
mail_location = maildir:~/mail
Step 12 » Open /etc/dovecot/conf.d/20-pop3.conf file, find and uncomment the below line ( line no : 50 ) .
pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
Step 13 » Restart dovecot service.
[root@mail ~]# systemctl restart dovecot
Step 14 » Add firewall rules to allow 110,143,993 and 995.
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=110/tcp
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=pop3s
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=143/tcp
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=imaps
[root@mail ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Check the connectivity for the ports 110,143,993 and 995 using telnet.

User creation

Now create user for testing .
Step 15 » Create user with /sbin/nologin shell to restrict login access.
[root@mail ~]# useradd -m john -s /sbin/nologin
[root@mail ~]# passwd john

Mail server is ready now, Configure user in your mail client and test send/receive.
Setup mail server on centos 7

Also see :
» Setup mail server on ubuntu 14.04
» Setup mail server on centos 6
All the best.