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Setup file server on centos 7 – Step by Step


Samba is an opensource and most popular package that provides file and print service using SMB/CIFS protocol.
This step by step article explains how to setup file server on centos 7 using samba .
Before starting please make sure you have assigned static IP for the server and have internet connectivity for installing packages.

Package installation and pre config

Step 1 » Install necessary samba package and dependencies using below command .
[[email protected] ~]# yum install -y samba samba-client samba-commonand enable the smb and nmb service .
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable smb.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable nmb.service

Step 2 » Choose or Create a directory for shares and allow in SELINUX .
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir /shares
[[email protected] ~]# chcon -R -t samba_share_t /shares
and check the selinux policy status using ls -Z.
[[email protected] ~]# ls -Z /
......
drwxr-xr-x. root root unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 shares

Step 3 » Allow samba service in the firewall and reload service.
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=samba
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Step 4 » Make a copy of default conf file for backup.
[[email protected] ~]# cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.bkp
Step 5 » Edit /etc/samba/smb.conf file, Find “security = user” line and add “map to guest” line like below.
security = user
map to guest = Bad User

Step 6 » Home directories and printer shares are enabled by default. You can stop those shares by commenting [homes] and [printers] sections in /etc/samba/smb.conf file like below ( optional ).

Setup file server on centos 7

There are different types of samba shares. Here we can see about common types
1. Anonymous Share
2. Secured Shares
3. Home directory

Anonymous Share

Anonymous share allow everyone to access the share without username & password.
Step 1 » Create a directory for anonymous share and change the ownership to nobody to allow anonymous access.
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir /shares/anonymous
[[email protected] ~]# chown -R nobody:nobody /shares/anonymous

Step 2 » Edit /etc/samba/smb.conf file and add these lines at the end of the file .

For read-only access use below code

Step 3 » Restart smb service .
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart smb.service
Step 4 » Now try to access this share in windows machine using \\IPaddress in Run prompt[ Eg: \\192.168.25.15 ]. You will see the share directory like below.
Setup file server on centos 7

Secured shares

Secured shares are accessible only by valid users with username and password .
Here i have explained with below scenario.
Larry has access to share google and Mark has access to share facebook .
John has access to both shares
We can have a samba group if we want to give access for multiple users.So here we have to create samba group for each share and assign users in that group for access.
Step 1 » Create directory and group for the share name google.
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir /shares/google
[[email protected] ~]# groupadd smbgg

Step 2 » Change ownership and permission for the directory.
[[email protected] ~]# chown -R root:smbgg /shares/google
[[email protected] ~]# chmod -R 0770 /shares/google

Step 3 » Create user larry by adding to the group smbgg in a single command .
[[email protected] ~]# useradd larry -s /usr/sbin/nologin -G smbggCreate samba password using the below command .
[[email protected] ~]# smbpasswd -a larry
Step 4 » Now edit /etc/samba/smb.conf file and add the below lines at the end for Share “google”.

Now after restarting the smb service, You can access Google share using larry credentials.
setup file server on centos 7 Secured
Step 5 » You can create “facebook” share and user Mark in the same way. But make sure you create different group like “smbfb” for Facebook share and add user mark to that group.
Step 6 » For multiple share access create user by adding both the groups to access both shares.
[[email protected] ~]# useradd john -s /usr/sbin/nologin -G smbgg,smbfb

Home Directory share

You can share users home directory by just enabling home section in smb.conf.
Step 1 » You can add or enable home section in /etc/samba/smb.conf file that should looks like below .

Step 2 » Selinux may prevent write access to home directories. Enable access using below command.
[[email protected] ~]# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs 1
Step 3 » Now restart service.
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart smb.service
Now you could access users home directories.
Setup file server centos 7 home share
That’s it . Thanks

Also see :
» Setup File server on ubuntu 14.04 ( Samba )
» Installing and configuring samba on centos 6

  • Donovan

    Perfect article . Thanks !!